1992 United States presidential election (Nixon's The One!)

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1992 United States presidential election

← 1988 November 3, 1992 1996 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout 55.2% Increase 5.0 pp

 
Nominee William Winter Shirley Black
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Mississippi California
Running mate Joe Brennan Paul Simon
Electoral vote 338 200
States carried 27 + DC 23
Popular vote 56,898,350 35,106,309
Percentage 50.6% 47.9%

Presidential election results map. Blue denotes states won by Winter/Brennan, red denotes those won by Black/Simon. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

William Winter
Democratic

Elected President

William Winter
Democratic

The 1992 United States presidential election was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1992. Incumbent Democratic President William Winter of Mississippi defeated Republican California Governor Shirley Temple Black. This election marked the end of a period of Republican dominance that began in 1968.

President Winter faced no serious opposition in the Democratic primary and was renominated unanimously. A wide range of candidates entered the Republican primaries, with 1988 vice presidential nominee Paul Manafort as the early front-runner. However, a federal investigation into Manafort's finances forced him to withdraw early into the race, and Shirley Black (still known by most as her maiden name Shirley Temple) cleared the primary. Black selected Democrat-turned-Republican U.S. Senator Paul Simon of Illinois as her running mate. After being officially nominated at the Republican National Convention, she became the first woman nominated by a major party for president.

Black initially led Winter in early polls, however Black struggled to maintain her lead. Her choice of Paul Simon as her running-mate alienated many conservatives in the Republican Party given that he had only been a Republican since 1989. Furthermore, confusion about her name led to a drop in support as some polls listed her by her maiden name and others by her legal name. Ballots in all fifty states listed Black by her legal name, which some Republicans attribute to her loss in close states, however these claims were never proven by electoral data.

Winter defeated Black by a similar margin to his first election to the presidency, gaining an extra four electoral votes. Winter became the first Democrat since 1948 to win the states of Kentucky and Virginia, ending their forty-year Republican voting streak. Black, despite losing the presidency, flipped the states of Illinois, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin, which previously voted for Winter.