2016 Iowa Republican presidential caucuses (Trump Defeat)

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2016 Iowa Republican presidential caucuses

← 2012 February 1st, 2016 2020 →
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30 pledged delegates to the Republican National Convention

Candidate Ted Cruz Donald Trump Marco Rubio
Home state Texas New York Florida
Delegate count 8 7 7
Popular vote 51,666 45,429 43,228
Percentage 27.6% 24.3% 23.1%

Candidate Ben Carson Rand Paul Jeb Bush
Home state Virginia Kentucky Florida
Delegate count 3 1 1
Popular vote 17,394 8,481 5,238
Percentage 9.3% 4.5% 2.8%

Candidate Carly Fiorina John Kasich Mike Huckabee
Home state Virginia Ohio Arkansas
Delegate count 1 1 1
Popular vote 3,485 3,474 3,345
Percentage 1.9% 1.9% 1.8%

Iowa results by county.
  Ted Cruz
  Donald Trump
  Marco Rubio

The 2016 Iowa Republican presidential caucuses took place on February 1 in the U.S. state of Iowa, traditionally marking the Republican Party's first nominating contest in their series of presidential primaries ahead of the 2016 presidential election.

The Democratic Party held its own Iowa caucuses on the same day.

Ted Cruz was able to defeat Donald Trump in the Iowa Caucus by winning over Evangelical caucus-goers;[1] Cruz won 51,666 caucus votes or 27.6%, giving him a net gain of one delegate over Trump. Cruz visited all 99 counties of Iowa and held small events.[2] Cruz outperformed his polling average, which predicted a narrow Trump victory in the caucus.

Following poor performances in the caucuses, Rand Paul,[3] Mike Huckabee[4] and Rick Santorum[5] suspended their campaigns.


According to the Republican Party of Iowa's bylaws, if more than one candidate is nominated at the Republican National Convention, all of Iowa's delegates are bound to vote "proportionally in accordance with the outcome of the Iowa Caucuses" on the first ballot, even if the candidate has withdrawn from the race.[6] The ballot is a blank piece of paper, and the candidates that voters may vote for in the non-binding preference poll included the following:

Forums and debates

November 20, 2015 – Des Moines, Iowa The Presidential Family Forum was held in the Community Choice Credit Union Convention Center in Des Moines, Iowa. Ben Carson, Ted Cruz, Carly Fiorina, Mike Huckabee, Rand Paul, Marco Rubio, and Rick Santorum attended the forum hosted by evangelical Christian advocacy group The Family Leader. It was hosted by politician and political activist Bob Vander Plaats and moderated by political consultant and pollster Frank Luntz.[7] Protesters interrupted the beginning of the event and were removed by police.[8]


January 28, 2016 – Des Moines, Iowa The seventh debate was the second debate to air on Fox News. As in Fox's first debate, the moderators were Bret Baier, Megyn Kelly, and Chris Wallace.[9] This was the last debate before actual voting began with the Iowa caucuses on February 1, 2016.[10][11] Due to personality conflicts with Fox News, Donald Trump opted out of the debate.[12]


Results of the Iowa Republican caucus, 2016
  Tied between Cruz and Trump


Ben Carson accused Ted Cruz's campaign of winning the caucuses using dishonest tactics, such as falsely telling caucus-goers that Carson had dropped out in order to get them to switch their votes to Cruz.[13] Donald Trump also accused Cruz of "stealing" the Iowa caucuses through fraud.[14]


Iowa Republican precinct caucuses, February 1, 2016
Candidate Votes Percentage Actual delegate count
Bound Unbound Total
Ted Cruz 51,666 27.64% 8 0 8
Donald Trump 45,427 24.3% 7 0 7
Marco Rubio 43,165 23.12% 7 0 7
Ben Carson 17,395 9.3% 3 0 3
Rand Paul 8,481 4.54% 1 0 1
Jeb Bush 5,238 2.8% 1 0 1
Carly Fiorina 3,485 1.86% 1 0 1
John Kasich 3,474 1.86% 1 0 1
Mike Huckabee 3,345 1.79% 1 0 1
Chris Christie 3,284 1.76% 0 0 0
Rick Santorum 1,783 0.95% 0 0 0
Other 117 0.06% 0 0 0
Jim Gilmore 12 0.01% 0 0 0
Unprojected delegates: 0 0 0
Total: 186,932 100.00% 30 0 30
Source: Template:Cite web