2016 United States Presidential Election (Yoshiyahu Ben David)

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2016 United States Presidential Election

← 2012 November 8, 2016 2020 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 Electoral votes needed to win
Turnout 59.8%

 
Nominee Donald J. Trump Hillary R. Clinton
Party Republican Democratic
Home state New York New York
Running mate Newton Gingrich Bernard Sanders
Electoral vote 329 209
States carried 33 17
Popular vote 69,462,936 64,215,239
Percentage 50.31% 46.51%

2016 Election A different planet.png

President before election

Barack Obama
Democratic

Elected President

Donald Trump
Republican

The 2016 United States Election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and former House Speaker Newton Gingrich defeated the Democratic ticket with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Senator Bernie Sanders.

Per the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, then-incumbent president Barack Obama was ineligible to seek a third term. Clinton secured the nomination over Senator Bernie Sanders and former Mayor Michael Bloomberg in the Democratic primary and became the first female presidential nominee of a major American political party. Trump emerged as his party's front-runner amidst a wide field of candidates in the Republican primary, defeating Senator Ted Cruz and Senator Marco Rubio, among other candidates. The Libertarian Party nominated former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson, and the Green Party nominated Jill Stein. Trump's right-wing populist, Nationalist Conservative campaign, which promised to "Make America Great Again" and opposed political correctness, illegal immigration, and many United States free-trade agreements garnered extensive free media coverage through his surprising comments and eventual victories in the primaries and then the general election.

Clinton emphasized her extensive political experience, denounced Trump and many of his supporters as a "basket of deplorables", bigots and extremists, and advocated the expansion of President Obama's policies; racial, LGBT, and women's rights; and inclusive capitalism, as a Democratic Establishment candidate.

The tone of the general election campaign was widely characterized as divisive, negative, and troubling. Trump faced controversy over his views on immigration, incidents of violence against protestors at his rallies, and numerous sexual misconduct allegations including the Access Hollywood tape. Clinton's popularity and public image were tarnished by concerns about her ethics and trustworthiness, and a controversy and subsequent FBI investigation regarding her improper use of a private email server while serving as secretary of state, which received more media coverage than any other topic during the campaign. Clinton led in almost every nationwide and swing-state poll, with some predictive models giving Clinton over a 80 percent chance of winning.

On Election Day, Trump over-performed his polls, winning several key swing states and winning the popular vote by 5.2 million votes. Trump received the majority in the Electoral College and won upset victories in the Rust Belt region, becoming the first and only Republican nominee since 1988 to win Michigan and Pennsylvania, the first since 1972 to win Minnesota, and the first and only since 1984 to win Wisconsin. The pivotal victory in the Rust Belt- which Trump won by less than 200,000 votes in the four states- was considered the catalyst that won him the electoral college vote. Trump's surprise victories were perceived to have been assisted by Clinton's lack of campaigning in the region, and the influence of Sanders-Trump voters who refused to back her after Bernie Sanders dropped out. This election also marked the first time since 1988 that the Republican candidate won Maine. He additionally flipped Ohio, Florida, Nevada, and Iowa. Ultimately, Trump received 329 electoral votes and Clinton 209. Trump was the first president with neither prior public service nor military experience. Trump became the only Republican to earn more than 300 electoral votes since the 1988 election and the only Republican to win a Northeastern state since George W. Bush won New Hampshire in 2000. At 70, Trump was the oldest non-incumbent to win a presidential election, besting Ronald Reagan (age 69 in 1980).

On January 6, 2017, the United States Intelligence Community concluded that the Russian government had interfered in the 2016 elections in order to "undermine public faith in the U.S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency." A Special Counsel investigation of alleged collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign began in May 2017 and ended in January 2018. The investigation concluded that Russian interference to favor Trump's candidacy occurred "in sweeping and systematic fashion", but it "did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government."

Nominations

Republican Party

With seventeen major candidates entering the race, starting with Ted Cruz on March 23, 2015, this was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history, before being overtaken by the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries. By January 2016 the race had narrowed to Donald Trump, Ted Cruz, and Marco Rubio. Trump won 43 primaries and 72% of the national Republican vote, leading a new National Conservative wing of the party to victory against the Religious Conservatives and Republican Establishment that together had dominated the party since the 1980s

2016 Republican Party Ticket
Donald Trump for President
Newton Gingrich for Vice President
CEO of Trump Organization

1979-2015

50th Speaker of the House

1993-1999

Campaign

Democratic Party

Former secretary of state Hillary Clinton, who also served in the U.S. Senate and was the First Lady of the United States, became the first Democrat in the field to formally launch a major candidacy for the presidency with an announcement on April 12, 2015, via a video message. While nationwide opinion polls in 2015 indicated that Clinton was the front-runner for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination, she faced strong challenges from Independent Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, who became the second major candidate when he formally announced on April 30, 2015, that he was running for the Democratic nomination, and former Mayor Michael Bloomberg of New York, who announced on May 4, 2015. September 2015 polling numbers indicated a narrowing gap between Clinton and Sanders. On May 30, 2015, former Governor of Maryland Martin O'Malley was the third major candidate to enter the Democratic primary race, followed by former independent governor and Republican senator of Rhode Island Lincoln Chafee on June 3, 2015, former Virginia Senator Jim Webb on July 2, 2015, and former Harvard law professor Lawrence Lessig on September 6, 2015.

On October 20, 2015, Webb announced his withdrawal from the primaries, and explored a potential Independent run. The next day Vice-President Joe Biden decided not to run, ending months of speculation, stating, "While I will not be a candidate, I will not be silent." On October 23, Chafee withdrew, stating that he hoped for "an end to the endless wars and the beginning of a new era for the United States and humanity." On November 2, after failing to qualify for the second DNC-sanctioned debate after adoption of a rule change negated polls which before might have necessitated his inclusion in the debate, Lessig withdrew as well, narrowing the field to Clinton, O'Malley, and Sanders.

On February 1, 2016, in an extremely close contest, Clinton won the Iowa caucuses by a margin of 0.2 points over Sanders. After winning no delegates in Iowa, O'Malley withdrew from the presidential race that day. On February 9, Sanders bounced back to win the New Hampshire primary with 60% of the vote. In the remaining two February contests, Clinton won the Nevada caucuses with 53% of the vote and scored a decisive victory in the South Carolina primary with 73% of the vote. On March 1, 11 states participated in the first of four "Super Tuesday" primaries. Clinton won Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia and 504 pledged delegates, while Sanders won Colorado, Minnesota, Oklahoma, and his home state of Vermont and 340 delegates. The following weekend, Sanders won victories in Kansas, Nebraska, and Maine with 15- to 30-point margins, while Clinton won the Louisiana primary with 71% of the vote. On March 8, despite never having a lead in the Michigan primary, Sanders won by a small margin of 10.5 points and outperforming polls by over 19 points, while Clinton won 83% of the vote in Mississippi. On March 15, the second "Super Tuesday", Clinton won in Florida, Illinois, Missouri, North Carolina, and Ohio. Between March 22 and April 9, Sanders won six caucuses in Idaho, Utah, Alaska, Hawaii, Washington, and Wyoming, as well as the Wisconsin primary, while Clinton won the Arizona primary. On April 19, Clinton won the New York primary with 58% of the vote. On April 26, in the third "Super Tuesday" dubbed the "Acela primary", she won contests in Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, while Sanders won in Rhode Island. Over the course of May, Sanders accomplished another surprise win in the Indiana primary and also won in West Virginia and Oregon, while Clinton won the Guam caucus and Kentucky primary (and also non-binding primaries in Nebraska and Washington).

On June 4 and 5, Clinton won two victories in the Virgin Islands caucus and Puerto Rico primary. On June 6, 2016, the Associated Press and NBC News reported that Clinton had become the presumptive nominee after reaching the required number of delegates, including pledged delegates and superdelegates, to secure the nomination, becoming the first woman to ever clinch the presidential nomination of a major U.S. political party. On June 7, Clinton secured a majority of pledged delegates after winning primaries in California, New Jersey, New Mexico, and South Dakota, while Sanders won only Montana and North Dakota. Clinton also won the final primary in the District of Columbia on June 14. At the conclusion of the primary process, Clinton had won 2,204 pledged delegates (54% of the total) awarded by the primary elections and caucuses, while Sanders had won 1,847 (46%). Out of the 714 unpledged delegates or "superdelegates" who were set to vote in the convention in July, Clinton received endorsements from 560 (78%), while Sanders received 47 (7%).

2016 Democratic Party Ticket
Hillary Clinton for President
Bernie Sanders for Vice President
First Lady

1993-2001 Senator 2001-2007 Secretary of State 2009-

Representative

1991-2007 Senator 2007-

Campaign

August

Still under contruction