2016 United States presidential election (Rubio '16)

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2016 United States presidential election

← 2012 November 8, 2016 2020 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout 55.9% Increase 0.8 pp

Nominee Marco Rubio Hillary Clinton
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Florida New York
Running mate Nikki Haley Tim Kaine
Electoral vote 327 211
States carried 34 + ME-02 16 + DC
Popular vote 69,783,312 63,182,188
Percentage 51.1% 46.2%

Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Rubio/Haley, blue denotes those won by Clinton/Kaine.

President before election

Barack Obama

Elected President

Marco Rubio

The 2016 United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of Florida Senator Marco Rubio and South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley defeated the Democratic ticket of former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton of New York and Virginia Senator Tim Kaine. Rubio became the first Latino elected to the presidency while Haley became the first Indian American to serve as Vice President.

Per the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, incumbent president Barack Obama was ineligible to seek a third term. Clinton defeated self-described democratic socialist Senator Bernie Sanders in the Democratic primary, and became the first female presidential nominee of a major American political party. Rubio won the Republican primary as a dark horse candidate due to strong debate performances, rising to the top of polls in a field of fifteen candidates and defeating his primary rivals, businessman Donald Trump of New York and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas. The Libertarian Party nominated former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson and the Green Party nominated Jill Stein.

Rubio's "compassionate conservative" campaign focused on bringing in a new generation of leadership, criticizing Clinton's lengthy tenure in politics, as well as emphasizing American exceptionalism in both foreign and domestic policy. The Clinton campaign focused on her experience, continuing President Obama's policies, and expanding racial, LGBT, and women's rights. Clinton's public image and popularity was tarnished by concerns about her ethics following the FBI's investigation of her improper use of a private email server, which received more media coverage than any other topic during the campaign.

Rubio led in most nation-wide and swing-state polls, trailing only in the week following the 2016 Democratic National Convention. On Election Day, Rubio received 327 electoral votes and won 51% of the popular vote. The states of Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Wisconsin, as well as Maine's 2nd congressional district, flipped from Democratic to Republican, many of which were considered part of the "blue wall." Rubio's popular vote total of 69.7 million votes stood as the largest tally ever won by a presidential candidate. This record would be beaten by Rubio again in 2020. Rubio also became the first non-incumbent Republican to win a majority of the popular vote since George H. W. Bush.


Republican Party

Republican nominees

2016 Republican Party ticket
Marco Rubio Nikki Haley
for President for Vice President
U.S. Senator from Florida
116th Governor of South Carolina

Vice presidential selection

On June 21, 2016, the Rubio campaign released a finalist list containing six potential running mates.

On July 14, Rubio revealed that South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley would be his running mate during their first joint event in Charlotte, North Carolina.



Close states

Margin under 1%

  1. Maine – 0.72% – 2 electoral votes
  2. Minnesota – 0.97% – 10 electoral votes

Margin between 1% and 5%

  1. Wisconsin – 1.79% – 10 electoral votes
  2. Pennsylvania – 2.42% – 20 electoral votes
  3. Michigan – 3.38% – 16 electoral votes
  4. Virginia – 4.36% – 13 electoral votes
  5. New Hampshire – 4.58% – 4 electoral votes
  6. New Mexico – 4.69% – 5 electoral votes

Margin between 5% and 10%

  1. Colorado – 5.04% – 9 electoral votes (tipping point state)
  2. North Carolina – 5.52% – 15 electoral votes
  3. Nevada – 5.91% – 6 electoral votes
  4. Ohio – 5.96% – 18 electoral votes
  5. New Jersey – 6.18% – 14 electoral votes
  6. Iowa – 7.10% – 6 electoral votes
  7. Florida – 7.24% – 29 electoral votes
  8. Oregon – 7.87% – 7 electoral votes
  9. Maine's 2nd congressional district – 8.30% – 1 electoral vote
  10. Delaware – 8.44% – 3 electoral votes