Adolf Hitler (Blood and Soil)

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Adolf Hitler
Hitler in January 1958
Führer of Germany
In office
2 August 1934 – 13 March 1958
Preceded by Paul von Hindenburg (President)
Succeeded by Hermann Göring (President)
Chancellor
In office
30 January 1933 – 13 March 1958
President Paul von Hindenburg
(1933–1934)
Preceded by Kurt von Schleicher
Succeeded by Rudolf Hess
Führer of the NSDAP
In office
29 July 1921 – 13 March 1958
Preceded by Anton Drexler (Chairman)
Succeeded by Martin Bormann (Chairman)
Personal details
Born (1889-Template:MONTHNUMBER-20)20 1889
Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (now Germany)
Died 13 March 1958(1958-03-13) (aged 68)
Germania, Greater German Reich
Citizenship
  • Austrian (1889–1925)
  • Stateless (1925–1932)
  • German (1932–1945)
Political party NSDAP (1921–1945)
Other political
affiliations
German Workers' Party (1919–1920)
Signature Signature of Adolf Hitler
Military service
Allegiance German Empire
Weimar Republic
Service/branch Imperial German Army

Reichswehr

Years of service 1914–1920
Rank Gefreiter
Unit 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
Battles/wars Great War

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the Führer (lit. leader) of Germany from 1933 to 1958. He rose to power as the leader of the national socialist movement, becoming the chancellor in 1933 and then assuming the title of Führer und Reichskanzler in 1934. During his dictatorship, he initiated the Eurasian War by invading Poland on 1 September 1939.

After defeating the Soviet Union 1942, German hegemony spanned from the Urals to the Pyrenees, and Hitler declared the formation of the Großdeutsches Reich the following year. The capital of Berlin was subsequently renamed to Germania and Hitler tasked architect Albert Speer with redesigning the city to his liking. Hitler also started a massive series of public works in both Germany and her conquered territories, as well as starting Lebensraum in the former Soviet Union. By 1950, Germany's combined military and economic power rivaled that of the United States. However, Germany's economic conditions faltered throughout the early to mid 1950s, and soon discontent was growing as terror attacks in the east became more frequent and deadly. Hitler grew increasingly erratic and infuriated by his country's deteriorating status and eventually suffered a severe heart attack in 1955, which marked his withdrawal from public life. Only appearing for special occasions, Hitler delegated much of his duties to his inner-circle, with Martin Bormann taking over most of the Führer's tasks. His final major public appearance took place on 30 January 1958 at a rally to commemorate the twenty-five year anniversary of his appointment as Chancellor. Hitler contracted pneumonia in February, and a month later, fell into a coma and died on 13 March 1958. Per his final will and testament, he was succeeded by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring as President and Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess as Chancellor.

Hitler's legacy remains complex in contemporary Germany. Despite Germany's continued adherence to national socialism, Hitlerism was largely removed by Chancellor Kurt Kiesinger during the late 1960s and early 1970s as Germany moved towards free market capitalism and ending the policy of Lebensraum in the east. Modern supporters of Hitler tout his restoration of Germany as a dominant power in Europe and eliminating the threat of communism from Eurasia. His critics denounce his policy of racial purity and state-sanctioned antisemitism, as well as the countless who were killed both inside and outside Germany.