Etzel

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This is a timeline which depicts history centered on events in Mandatory Palestine. In this timeline, the British White Paper of 1939 triggered a chain of events that altered the Middle East. First, in May 1939, in response to the White Paper, the Irgun Zvai Leumi (National Military Organization) in Palestine began training for war as Ze'ev Yavotinski worked with the Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Yugoslav governments to begin shipping thousands of Polish-trained Brit Trumpeldor soldiers to Palestine. By October, the 75,000-Jew limit for immigration to Palestine is filled and 40,000 new Brit Trumpeldor soldiers are in Palestine with thousands of arms and millions of bullets. The German Invasion of Poland, however, begins the Second World War and leads the Irgun Zvai Leumi to declare a truce with the British. The decision angers Avraham Stern, who in November 1939 forms Lohamei Herut Yisrael (Freedom Fighters of Israel) and in January 1940 he begins negotiations with Nazi Germany regarding an alliance based on unlimited Jewish immigration to Palestine and the establishment of a Kingdom of Israel as an Axis Power. This agreement is finalized in July 1940 and Nazi Germany begins the training of 40,000 Jewish soldiers in the Zvai Ivri (Zevi) and forms a Jewish air force, Sherut Avir (Air Service), with . The Italians also train the Sherut Chilcham (Naval Service), with 19,000 servicemen, 2 battleships, 3 destroyers, 1 cruiser, and 1 submarine.

Meanwhile, back in Palestine, after the British refuse to rescue Etzel High Commander David Raziel from combat, the Etzel breaks off its alliance and, led by Yaakov Meridor, begins negotiations with Lehi in October. By January 1941, a plan for a Hebrew Revolt is completed and Zevi begins the journey to Palestine. During the next few months the 7,000-soldier Etzel and 5,000-soldier Lehi prepare for a massive revolt against the British.

Finally, on April 24, 1941, the Etzel-Lehi Declaration of Revolt is issued and Etzel and Lehi forces take control of western Yerushalayim, Safed, Tiveryah, Petah Tikvah, and Tel Aviv. Battles of Haifa, Yerushalayim, Yafo, and Netanya begin as the Haganah and British are caught off guard. Before the British can rally the 15,000 forces in Palestine, 40,000 Zevi forces land in Tel Aviv, Netanya, and Haifa with air support from the Luftwaffe and Sherut Avir on April 25. By April 30, the entire Coastal Plain has been taken as well as Galilee and Yerushalayim, and the Haganah has collapsed. The Jewish National Assembly, which had become largely obsolete, collapses as well, and the Jewish Agency hardly survives, but its main functions continue running through the invasion. By May 4, the Hebrew Council has been set up by Yoshiyahu Dayan, Avraham Stern, and Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, with the intention of preparing for independence. By May 9, the Hebrew Council has taken control of all the Jewish Agency's former functions, and by May 11 a united Hebrew front has organized against the British Empire. Finally, on May 14, 1941, the Hebrew Council issues the Hebrew Declaration of Independence, establishing the Kingdom of Israel as an independent nation. Immediately Nazi Germany sends 4,000 industrialists, military specialists, and military trainers to the new Kingdom. On May 17, Yoshiyahu Dayan is anointed as Yoshiyahu I David, King of Israel. On May 21, Brit Trumpeldor, Irgun Zvai Leumi, Lohamei Herut Yisrael, Brit Hashmonaim, Zvai Ivri, Sherut Chilcham, and Sherut Avir are combined into Israeli Military Forces (Israeli Army, Israeli Air Force, Israeli Navy).

Throughout May and June 1941 the IMF takes over all of Palestine, expelling nearly 700,000 Arabs and creating chaos in Hashemite Syria. King Yoshiyahu establishes a Provisional Government to run the nation until a permanent government can be formed. In September 1941, with the IMF united and trained, and with Israeli industry undergoing a full renovation by Nazi Germany, Israel invades the region of Transjordan. By February 1942 Transjordan has been taken, a million Arabs have been expelled, and thousands of Ashkenazi European Jews are coming into Israel. In March the Israeli Constitution is completed and signed, and elections are held in 1943. During this time the Kingdom of Israel has its industries organized by German industrialists, who work with the Provisional Government to establish a starting economy and to modernize the IMF.

In 1943 elections are held and Avraham Stern becomes the first Prime Minister. He and King Yoshiyahu establish the Israeli Government, and by 1944 the foundation of the Hebrew State is completed. Prime Minister Stern bases his leadership off of his "18 Principles of a Hebrew State", building a strong, united Israeli economy and a strong Israeli Military Forces to guard the nation.

By 1945, it is clear that the Axis Powers are loosing the war. Israel is the only member of the Axis Powers that is not collapsing, using advanced German technology to fight the Allies. Finally, in February 1945, American President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill offers King Yoshiyahu and Prime Minister Stern a full peace agreement and recognition, as well as military and technological aid, in return for Israel leaving the war. In March the Israeli Government finally agrees, and Israel is given American and British armored and plane technology as well as industrial improvement.

By 1946, the Kingdom of Israel is doubling the output of most industries due to improved American methods,




To Be Continued