German Civil War (Blood and Soil)

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German Civil War
Part of the Cold War
Date9 November 1960–14 May 1962
Location
Result Loyalist victory
Belligerents
Loyalists Orthodoxists
Commanders and leaders
Hermann Göring
Adolf Heusinger
Erhard Milch
Hans Speidel
Claus von Stauffenberg
Josias von Waldeck-Pyrmont
Reinhard Heydrich
Joseph Goebbels
Otto Skorzeny
Adolf Eichmann
Erich Priebke
Otto Ernst Remer

The German Civil War was an armed conflict within Germany that lasted for two years. The two major sides have been classified as the "Loyalists," led by Hermann Göring, and the "Orthodoxists," led by Joseph Goebbels. However, the conflict largely became a fight between the Wehrmacht (aligned mostly with Göring) and the Schutzstaffel (aligned with Goebbels).

Following the end of the Bormann chancellorship, Reichspresident Hermann Göring appointed former Waffen-SS General Paul Hausser to the chancellorship in an effort to appease the Schutzstaffel and the orthodoxists. However, Hausser's tenure was cut short after he was assassinated in Warsaw just three months after his appointment. Göring then appointed Field Marshall and OKW Chief Ferdinand Schörner as the next chancellor, a move that infuriated Reinhard Heydrich. In private, a longtime rival of Göring, Joseph Goebbels, had begun to feel sidelined by the Reichspresident and formed a secret pact with Heydrich to remove Göring and Schörner from power. Goebbels began to cultivate support from party hardliners and Heydrich's SS. Göring and Schörner used their connections to bring the military's support to the sitting government, and over the next year, Germany's political climate was at a boiling point.

On the 38th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch, Goebbels gave a dramatic speech where he declared that "glutinous interests" have taken over Germania. He then claimed Göring was a puppet of the Jews and declared that the "second national revolution" has begun. Upon hearing this news, Göring summoned Reinhard Heydrich to Germania, however Heydrich acted in defiance and declared his support of Goebbels. Goebbels declared Munich the interim capital of Germany and the Waffen-SS subsequently locked down Bavaria.

Fighting lasted for two years with the "Loyalist faction," a coalition of mainstream and reformist NSDAP officials, emerging victorious. Both Heydrich and Goebbels committed suicide during the Battle of Vienna, which marked the end of the civil war. Roughly 400,000 combatants were killed in total, as well as 150,000 civilians, and combat strategies employed by the Orthodoxists included brutal usage of chemical weapons and extensive usage of suicide troops enslaved from the eastern colonies. The civil war also coincided with the Russian War of Liberation, wherein the Russian United Front (RYF) launched a full-scale invasion of the German eastern colonies. Following his victory, Dönitz negotiated a peace deal with the RYF, renouncing all German claims east of the General Government in the Treaty of Stockholm.

As a result of the civil war, the power of the SS was curtailed further, now being responsible for two coups. Göring loyalist Josias von Waldeck-Pyrmont would be appointed to Heydrich's post by Göring, but would only serve for four years before dying of a heart attack.