Greater German Reich (Blood and Soil)

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German Reich
(1933–1943)
Deutsches Reich

Greater German Reich
(1943–1967)
Großdeutsches Reich

1933–1967
Flag of the Greater German Reich
Flag
(1935–1967)
Emblem (1935–1967) of Greater German Reich (Blood and Soil)
Emblem
(1935–1967)
Capital
and largest city
Germania
Common languages German
Demonym(s) German
Government Unitary Hitlerist one-party fascist state under a totalitariandictatorship
(1933–1957)
Unitary Hitlerist one-party fascist state
(1957–1967)
President  
• 1933–1934
Paul von Hindenburg
• 1934–1957
Adolf Hitler
• 1957–1959
Hermann Göring
• 1959
Paul Wegener
• 1959–1967
Martin Bormann
Chancellor  
• 1933–1957
Adolf Hitler
• 1957–1967
Joseph Goebbels
NSDAP Chairman  
• 1921–1957
Adolf Hitler
• 1957–1967
Martin Bormann
Legislature Reichstag
Reichsrat (dissolved 1934)
History  
30 January 1933
23 March 1933
• Anschluss
12 March 1938
1 September 1939
• Victory in the Eurasian War
12 January 1943
26 March 1967
29 March 1967
Currency Reichsmark (ℛℳ)
Template:Infobox country/formernext

The Greater German Reich, known before 1943 as simply the German Reich and also known as the Third Reich, was the German state from 1933 to 1967. Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party transformed Germany into an autocracy where nearly all aspects of life were controlled by the government. The Third Reich, meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire", alluded to the Nazis' conceit that Greater Germany was the successor to the earlier Holy Roman Empire (800–1806) and German Empire (1871–1918). The Third Reich, which Hitler referred to as the Thousand Year Reich, ended in 1967 after over three decades of existence.

Racism, eugenics, and especially antisemitism, were central ideological features of the regime. The Germanic peoples were considered by Hitlerists to be the master race, the purest branch of the Aryan race. Discrimination and the persecution of Jews and Romani people began in earnest after the seizure of power. The first concentration camps were established in March 1933. Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned, and liberals, socialists, and communists were killed, imprisoned, or exiled. Christian churches and citizens that opposed Hitler's rule were oppressed and many leaders imprisoned. Education focused on racial biology, population policy, and fitness for military service. Career and educational opportunities for women were curtailed. Recreation and tourism were organised via the Strength Through Joy program, and the 1936 Summer Olympics showcased Germany on the international stage. Propaganda Minister and Chancellor Joseph Goebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others.