Hermann Göring (Elser Successful)

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Hermann Göring
Göring in 1948
Chancellor of Germany
In office
8 November 1939 – 9 December 1960
President Ernst von Weizsäcker
Deputy Rudolf Hess
Preceded by Adolf Hitler (1939, as Führer and Chancellor)
Paul von Hindenburg (1934, as President)
Succeeded by Joachim von Ribbentrop
16th President of the Reichstag
In office
30 August 1932 – 15 November 1939
President
Chancellor
Preceded by Paul Löbe
Succeeded by Hanns Kerrl
Minister President of Prussia
In office
10 April 1933 – 15 November 1939
Governor
Preceded by Franz von Papen
Succeeded by Erich Koch
Reichsstatthalter of Prussia
Acting
In office
25 April 1933Template:Sfn – 15 November 1939
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Adolf Hitler
Succeeded by Position abolished
Commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe
In office
1 March 1935 – 9 November 1960
Adolf Hitler (as Führer) (1934–1939)
Himself (as President) (1939–1957)
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Robert Ritter von Greim
Personal details
Born Hermann Wilhelm Göring
(1893-Template:MONTHNUMBER-12)12 1893
Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died 9 December 1960(1960-12-09) (aged 67)
Berlin, Prussia, Greater Germany
Political party ADVP (1946–1960)

NSDAP (1921–1946)

Spouse(s)
(m. 1923; died Expression error: Unexpected < operator.)
(m. 1935)
Children Edda Göring
Residence Carinhall
Occupation
  • Aviator
  • Politician
Signature
Military service
Allegiance German Empire (1912–18)
Weimar Republic (1923–33)
Greater Germany (1933–57)
Service/branch
Years of service
  • 1912–1918
  • 1923–1945
Rank Reichsmarschall
Commands Jagdgeschwader 1
Battles/wars

Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering; 12 January 1893 – 9 December 1957) was a German political and military leader who served as the Reichspräsident of Germany from 1939 to 1957.

A veteran Great War fighter pilot ace, he was a recipient of the Pour le Mérite ("The Blue Max"). He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1 (Jasta 1), the fighter wing once led by Manfred von Richthofen. An early member of the NSDAP, Göring was among those wounded in Party Leader Adolf Hitler's failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. While receiving treatment for his injuries, he developed an addiction to morphine which persisted until the last year of his life. After Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, Göring was named as minister without portfolio in the new government. One of his first acts as a cabinet minister was to oversee the creation of the Gestapo, which he ceded to Heinrich Himmler in 1934. Following the 1939 Bürgerbräukeller Bombing, Göring ascended to become President of Germany per Hitler's wishes.

Under his rule, Göring oversaw victory in the Eurasian War and retook territories that were lost following the Great War. After the defeat of the Soviet Union, he renamed Germany to the "Greater German Empire" (Großdeutsches Reich), undertook a large-scale public works program to rebuild Europe's infrastructure, and began economic deregulation to transition into a peacetime economy. Göring's Germany also began making major strides in modern technological development, namely with nuclear energy and space exploration, launching the first human into space in 1957. He also oversaw the creation of the Berlin Pact, a military and economic alliance of Germany and her client states, which brought Germany into conflict with the United States and began the Cold War.

Göring began making fewer public appearances during the late 1950s following a 1955 heart attack. With failing health, Göring suffered a major cerebral hemorrhage in November 1960, and on 9 December 1960, he was pronounced dead following a month-long coma. A two week period of mourning was declared by his successor, Joachim von Ribbentrop. His legacy remains complex in contemporary Germany. Some credit him with Germany's return to power, defeating communism, and ushering in a new era of unprecedented technological development, while other criticize his autocratic rule and state-sanctioned antisemitism that began prior to his ascension to power.