History of Kingdom of Israel (Etzel)

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The history of the Kingdom of Israel spans from the issuing of the Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1941, to the present day.

Prelude

The Holy Land, or Palestine, had been largely an afterthought for most since the end of the Crusades. However, in the late 1800s, the Jewish Zionist movement arose, calling for the Jewish people to return to their ancient homeland. This movement first began as a rabbinical dream, and then later as a flood of small organizations sending pioneers to the Holy Land. In 1897 the Zionist Organization formed to coalesce and organize the movement. In the 1st (1881-1897) and 2nd (1903-1911) aliyahs, 120,000 Jews came to Palestine, bringing the total Jewish population to 185,000 people. However, Ottoman opposition to Zionism led the Zionist Organization to support Great Britain when the First World War broke out in 1914. The British responded by promising Palestine to the Jewish Zionists in the Balfour Declaration in 1917. When the British received the Mandate for Palestine in 1919, they allowed the establishment of a Jewish National Assembly as a legislature and the Jewish Agency as a governing body, as well as the establishment of Haganah Yehudit

TO BE CONTINUED

Provisional Government (1941-1943)

Hebrew Revolt (1941-1944)

On April 24, 1941, the Hebrew Revolt began as the Zvai Ivri, supported by the Sherut Avir and Sherut Chilcham, invaded Palestine at the same time the Irgun Zvai Leumi and Lohamei Herut Yisrael declared a revolt against British rule. The Haganah immediately collapsed, with those who wished to fight the right-wing revolt crushed and those who wanted to participate joining the Palmach, which had joined the Revolt. By early May the Hebrew forces had taken all of Galilee, the Sharon Plain, Judea, and Yerushalayim, expelling 400,000 Arabs and destroying all mosques, including the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Yoshiyahu Dayan and Avraham Stern also formed the Hebrew Council to take over the Jewish Agency's institutions, and the foundation was set up for a Hebrew State.

Declaration of Independence

On May 14, as the Hebrew forces began integration into one another under the command of Menachem Begin, Yoshiyahu Dayan and Avraham Stern led the Hebrew Council in publicly signing the Hebrew Declaration of Independence, establishing to the Kingdom of Israel:

We therefore declare, with the help of Hashem, the independence of a Hebrew State in the Land of Israel, to be called the Kingdom of Israel. We shall be a nation with the values of Halacha, fighting, and freedom. We shall build an economy, we shall build an army, we shall build a culture, and we shall build a nation.

Yoshiyahu Dayan was anointed King of Israel on May 15, and he quickly formed a Provisional Government to administer the new Hebrew State. On May 21, Zvai Ivri, Brit Trumpeldor, Irgun Zvai Leumi, Lohamei Herut Yisrael, Palmach, Sherut Chilcham, and Sherut Avir were all combined into the Israeli Military Forces, with an Israeli Army, Israeli Air Force, and Israeli Navy. They would be fully integrated and organized by the end of the year.

Second World War (1941-1944)

National Development (1941-1943)

While the war and constitutional establishment were underway, an economy based nationalist socialism and immigrant absorption gained ascendancy.

Stern Presidency (1943-1951)

Avraham Stern would govern based on his 18 Principles.