Israel (Etzel)

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Kingdom of Israel

Medinat Yisrael
Israel
1940–{{{year_end}}}
Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of Israel
Coat of arms
Motto: Shema Yisrael, Adonai Eloheinu Adonai Echad!
Hear o Israel, the Lord our God is one!
Anthem: Hatikvah
Map of the Greater Kingdom of Israel and its vassals: Christian Assyria, Hashemite Babylonia, and Christian Alexandria
Map of the Greater Kingdom of Israel and its vassals: Christian Assyria, Hashemite Babylonia, and Christian Alexandria
Status Great Power
Capital
and largest city
Yerushalayim
Official languages Hebrew
Recognized languages Hebrew, Arabic
Ethnic groups
Ashkenazi Jewish- 45.6%
Sefardic Jewish- 24.3%
Arabic- 23.1%
Mizrachi Jewish- 16.9%
Religion
Religious Judaism- 56.7%
Jewish Secularism- 20.1%
Islam- 9.2%
Christianity- 8.1%
Druzism- 4.8%
Demonym(s) Israeli, Hebrew
Government Theocratic Republican Monarchy
• King
Menachem I
• Prime Minister
Shemuel Eliyahu
• High Priest
Shlomo Yehuda I
Legislature Knesset
Sanhedrin
Establishment May 14, 1941
History  
• Hebrew Revolt
April 25, 1941-July 6, 1945
• Declaration of Independence
May 14, 1941
• Constitutional Convention
January 10-March 15, 1942
• Established
1940
Area
• Total
90,844 km2 (35,075 sq mi)
Population
• 2024 estimate
34,534,000
• 2020 census
33,128,000
GDP (PPP) 2024 estimate
• Total
$11.6 trillion
• Per capita
$335,293
Currency Shekel
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]

Israel, officially the Greater Kingdom of Israel, is a country in West Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Christian Assyria and Hashemite Mesopotamia to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south, Islamic Sahara to the southwest, and Christian Alexandria to the west. Yerushalayim is the capital and largest city as well as the economic, cultural, religious, and spiritual center.

Israel is located in the Southern Levant, a region known historically as Canaan, Judea, Palestine, or the Holy Land. In antiquity, it was home to several Canaanite, Israelite and Jewish kingdoms, and is referred to as the Land of Israel in Jewish tradition. The region was ruled by powers such as the Assyrians, Babylonians, Achaemenids, Greeks, and Romans. During Roman rule, Jews became a minority in Palestine. The region later came under Byzantine and Arab rule. In the Middle Ages, it was part of the Islamic Caliphates, the Crusader Kingdom, and the Ottoman Empire. The late 19th century saw the rise of Zionism, a movement advocating for the establishment of a Jewish homeland. Under the British Mandate placed by the League of Nations after World War I, Jewish immigration to the region increased considerably leading to intercommunal conflict between Jews and the Arab majority. In 1939, as Great Britain attempted to limit Jewish immigration on the brink of the Second World War, the forces of the Irgun Zvai Leumi and Brit Trumpeldor began the Hebrew Revolt, taking over Palestine and Transjordan. Being assisted by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, the Greater Kingdom of Israel was declared independent. A Constitution was signed in 1941, and In 1943 the first elections were held, giving rise to Avraham Stern and Brit Masorti Leumit. In May 1948 the Great Hebrew-Arab War began as the Arab League attempted to invade Israel. The Israeli Military Forces defeated the Arabs, gaining the Arish Pocket, eastern Transjordan, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Litani Valley in the process. During this time the Greater Kingdom of Israel absorbed the immigration of 9 million Jews from Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

From 1948 to 1966 the construction of a great nation continued. The Government of Israel was built into a highly efficient Hebrew State under King Yoshiyahu and the Stern, Raziel, Shapira, and Greenberg Governments. The economy was built on self-sufficiency, militarism, nationalist unity, and economic freedom. A renewed Hebrew Jewish culture was reborn with strains of militarism, Halacha, revivalism, messianism, and Rabbinical Judaism. The Israeli Military Forces were built into the best-trained and most equipped forces in the world, and Israel formed alliances with America, France, Ethiopia, Persia, and Greece. The Third Jewish Temple was finally finished in 1966. In June 1967, when Egypt, Hashemite Syria, and Mesopotamia mobilized nearly 1.6 million forces against the 650,000 soldiers of the Israeli Military Forces, the IMF launched a preemptive strike to destroy all of their air forces, and then proceeded to conquer the Suez Canal, Goshen, the northern Arabian desert, and the Damascus Territory in the Six Day War which was a massive victory for Israel. For the next 6 years a flood of 3 million American Jews came into Israel while the Israeli Government encouraged settlement in the new territory. The nearly 2 million Arab refugees who fled during this time upset the balance of power in Lebanon, leading to the Lebanese Civil War in which Christian Falangists fought Muslim Arab forces backed by Hashemite Syria. This was partially ineffective, however, due to Israeli control of the former Hashemite capital, and in October 1973 Hashemite Syria and Egypt launched an attack against Israel. The Hebrew State had received advance warnings and were prepared for the assault, Within a month Israeli forces had conquered all of the Hashemite holdings in Hashemite Syria and had captured the Suez Canal, Cairo, and Alexandria in Egypt. Israel annexed the Suez Canal and settled thousands of Jews there, while the rest of the Egyptian Territory was made into the Nile Delta Republic, with a population exchange between Muslims and Christians agreed to in 1976 and completed by 1979. The Nile Delta Republic became Israel's first vassal state. In 1982 Israel decided to intervene in the Lebanese Civil war and began the Fertile Crescent War, in which the United States, Israel, Free Kurdistan, the Christian Falangists, and the Nile Delta Republic took 3 years to defeat Hashemite Mesopotamia, the Assad Regime, and Islamic Egypt, expelling millions of Muslims. The map of the Middle East was redrawn in 1987 in the Riyadh Peace Conference, and a peaceful population exchange led to the Israeli annexation of Lebanon and Damascus and the formation of the Christian Phoenician Republic. In 1989 the Soviet limitations of Jewish immigration were finally destroyed, and nearly 1 million Soviet Jews, most of whom had shockingly kept their religion in the Communist regime.

In the 1990s Israel focused on economic renovation and expansion, settlement of the new territories, military advancement, and diplomatic efforts with the surrounding countries. In 1997 Israel, Kurdistan, Nile Delta, and Phoenicia formed the Covenant of Abraham as a defensive alliance of ethnonationalist countries that were not Islamic or Socialist. King Yoshiyahu died in 1998 and was succeeded by his son Menachem I. The next 10 years were mainly focused on domestic economic development and military training and equipping of the Covenant of Abraham, and by 2010 the entire alliance was strong and thriving. A trade system including the Covenant of Abraham, the Indian League, and the Eastern European Trade Agreement was also set up, with Israel maintaining its self-sufficiency. Throughout the 2010s King Menachem and the Netanyahu and Perez Governments led the nation in a Jewish revival and the development of a plan for the establishment of a Hebrew Empire in the Middle East.

The country has a government system of Theocratic Republican Monarchy, with elections held every 4 years for the Knesset and Provincial and Municipal elections. The King serves as Head of State and Supreme Commander of the IMF. The prime minister serves as head of government, and is elected by the Knesset, Israel's elected legislature, to form a Cabinet. The judicial system is based on Halachic Law and has a Great Sanhedrin that approves legislation, a Grand Rabbinate to handle high-level lawsuits, and a Provincial and Municipal system of rabbinical courts. Israel has the highest Human Development Index of all countries in the Middle East and is one of the richest countries in the Middle East and Asia, and has the highest proportional economic development and agricultural production in the Middle East. It has the highest standards of living in the Middle East, and has been ranked as one of the most advanced and technological countries, with a population of 24 million people, as of 2024. It has the world's 7th-largest economy by nominal GDP and 4th by nominal GDP per capita. The Israeli Military Forces is the 5th strongest army in the world, with 655,000 active personnel and 800,000 reservists as of 2024. Its training standards are the most elite in the world, being #1 on the Military Training Index. The different militias have a strong national training standard, and the Yerushalayim Militia is listed as the 21st strongest army in the world.

Etymology

Further information: Israel (name) and Names of the Levant § Israel and Judea


The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically been used to refer to the biblical Greater Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively. The name 'Israel' (Hebrew: Yīsrāʾēl; Septuagint Greek: Ἰσραήλ, Israēl, 'El (God) persists/rules', though after Hosea 12:4 often interpreted as 'struggle with God') refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he successfully wrestled with the angel of the Lord. The earliest known archaeological artefact to mention the word "Israel" as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt (dated to the late 13th century BCE).

History

Geography

Government and Politics

The Greater Kingdom of Israel is a Theocratic Parliamentary Monarchy with a Halachic-based judiciary and limited regional autonomy.

National Government

The National Government has 4 branches: Monarchy, Government, Parliament, and Judiciary.

Monarchy

The first branch is the Monarchy. The King of Israel is currently Menachem I of the Moroccan branch of the House of David. The new King is chosen in the sealed will of the current King, who may choose a son, grandson, or brother before the line is declared extinct and another is chosen. The King had peacetime ceremonial duties as well as being the Supreme Commander of the Israeli Military Forces and the Administrator of Yerushalayim. During wartime, the King has a one-year period of martial law he may choose to use during the war. The King also signs or vetoes laws passed by a majority of the Knesset and amendments passed by a two-thirds majority.

Government

The second branch is the Government. The Government is formed out of a coalition of parties in the Knesset and is led by the Prime Minister (currently Shemuel Eliyahu). The Government carries out laws passed by the National Assembly and signed by the King. The Ministers of the Government have the power to propose laws to the committees overseeing their area.

Parliament

The third branch is the Parliament. The National Assembly is the Israeli Parliament, and it is made up of two bodies: the Jewish Knesset and the Great Sanhedrin. The Knesset is elected every 4 years and will pass laws proposed by the Government or by MKs. These laws then go through the Great Sanhedrin to determine if it violates the Constitution of Israel, and if they are passed they go on. The Great Sanhedrin is elected by the Israeli Rabbinate every 6 years and has the power to stop laws, to appoint the members of the Grand Rabbinate, and to pass religious laws. Overall, the National Assembly can pass laws by a simple majority, amendments by a two-thirds majority, and a declaration of war by a two-thirds majority.

Judiciary

The Judiciary at the national level is the Grand Rabbinate. It hears cases on constitutionality, feuds between States, and religious cases. This is also the only court that can give the death sentence. The Grand Rabbinate is appointed by the Great Sanhedrin from the State Rabbinates. The precedent used is Israeli law, Halacha, and the American legal system.

State Government

The States are provincial-level entities. There are currently 24 States in the Hebrew States. State governments have 3 branches: Government, Parliament, and Judiciary.

Government

The first branch is the Government. The Government is led by the Governor and is elected from the Knelum. The Governor can veto laws passed by a majority vote of the Knelum, and an amendment by 2/3 of the Knelum, but nothing more. The Government has the power to carry out laws or to propose them. The Governor also has control over the State Militia. If his state is invaded, the Militia will be used to defend the state.

Parliament

The second branch is the Parliament.

Politics

Political parties in Israel are required by law to have candidates for legislative or executive office in at least 5 states in order to be recognized on the ballot. Modern politics is dominated by religious and Zionist political parties, varying from libertarians to absolute monarchists. The Left in Israel is small and made up of socialists and communists, while the Center is made of moderate Zionists who do not wish to expand Israel, while the Right dominates with libertarians, conservatives, and religious nationalists and monarchists. The current Knesset is made up of 104 right-wing MKs, 10 centrists, and 6 leftists.

Israeli Knesset, 2024
Party Chairman Seats Ideology Coalition
Tzionut Datit (Religious Zionist Alliance) Shemuel Eliyahu
23 Religious Zionism
  • Halachic Protectionism
  • Religious Conservatism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Government
Likud (Liberal Consolidation) Yisrael Katz
20 Libertarian Zionism
  • Libertarian Capitalism
  • Religious Libertarianism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Opposition
Masorti Leumit (National Conservative Alliance) Moshe Feiglin
18 Revisionist Zionism
  • Protectionist Capitalism
  • Religious Conservatism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Government
Yahadut HaTorah (Haredi Orthodoxy) Moshe Gafni
12 Haredi Orthodox Judaism
  • Halachic Protectionism
  • Religious Conservatism
  • Religious Nationalism
Opposition
Yesh Atid (Secularism) Yair Lapid
10 Secular Zionism
  • Libertarian Capitalism
  • Secular Progressivism
  • Liberal Internationalism
Opposition
Shas (Sefardic Judaism) Michael Machleli
10 Sefardic Orthodox Judaism
  • Halachic Protectionism
  • Religious Conservatism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Government
Otzma Yehudit (Jewish Power) Itamar Ben Gvir 9 Jewish Fascism
  • Protectionist Capitalism
  • Religious Nationalism
  • Militaristic Imperialism
Government
Torah Moshe (Law of Moses) Tamir Bar Lev 7 Karaite Judaism
  • Halachic Protectionism
  • Religious Nationalism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Government
Avoda (Labor) Gilad Argiv 6 Labor Zionism
  • Protectionist Socialism
  • Secular Conservatism
  • Militaristic Nationalism
Opposition
Malchut Muchlas (Absolute Monarchy) Yitzhak Ginsburg 5 Absolute Monarchism
  • Halachic Protectionism
  • Religious Conservatism
  • Militaristic Imperialism
Oppsoition


TBC