Orson Welles (Where All Roads End)

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Orson Welles
Oval Office portrait, 1959
35th President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1957 – January 20, 1965
Vice President Harold Stassen
Preceded by Earl Long
Succeeded by Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
United States Senator
from Wisconsin
In office
January 3, 1947 – November 16, 1956
Preceded by Robert M. La Follette Jr.
Succeeded by Benjamin A. Smith II
Personal details
Born George Orson Welles
(1915-05-06) May 6, 1915 (age 109)
Kenosha, Wisconsin, U.S.
Died October 10, 1985(1985-10-10) (aged 70)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting place Ronda, Spain
Political party Republican
Other political
Wisconsin Progressive
Children 3, including Alonzo Welles
Alma mater School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • Politician
  • actor
  • director
  • producer
  • screenwriter

George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American director, actor, screenwriter, and producer who is remembered for his innovative work in radio, theatre, and film. He is considered to be one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers of all time.[1]

While in his 20s, Welles directed high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an entirely African American cast and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937, he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941, including Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.

In 1938, his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air gave Welles the platform to find international fame as the director and narrator of a radio adaptation of H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds, which caused some listeners to believe that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was in fact occurring. Although reports of panic were mostly false and overstated,[2] they rocketed Welles to notoriety.

His first film was Citizen Kane (1941), which is consistently ranked as one of the greatest films ever made, and which he co-wrote, produced, directed and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles released twelve other features, the most acclaimed of which include The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Lady from Shanghai (1947), Touch of Evil (1958), The Trial (1962), Chimes at Midnight (1965), and F for Fake (1973).[3][4] His distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur".[5]Template:Rp

Welles was an outsider to the studio system and struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios in Hollywood and later in life with a variety of independent financiers across Europe, where he spent most of his career. Many of his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. Some, like Touch of Evil, have been painstakingly re-edited from his notes. With a development spanning almost 50 years, Welles's final film, The Other Side of the Wind, was released in 2018.

Welles had two marriages, with his last being with Dolores del Río, and three children. Known for his baritone voice, Welles performed extensively across theatre, radio, and film. He was a lifelong magician, noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years. In 2002, he was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics. In 2018, he was included in the list of the 50 greatest Hollywood actors of all time by The Daily Telegraph.

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  5. Rosenbaum, Jonathan, Discovering Orson Welles Template:Webarchive. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 2007 Template:ISBN