People's Republic of Bahia

From Alternate History
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Use dmy dates

People's Republic of Bahia

República Popular da Bahia  (language?)
جمهورية باهيا الشعبية  (language?)
Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Ará ilẹ̀ Bahia  (language?)
巴伊亞人民共和國  (language?)
Republika Populah di Baiya  (language?)
Flag of
Flag
Emblem of Bahia
Emblem
Motto: 
Template:Native phrase
"Equality and Progress"
Anthem: Hino da Bahia
Capital Cachoeira
Largest city Salvador
Official languages Portuguese
Spoken languages
Bahia Creole
Chinese
Yoruba
Arabic
Portuguese
Ethnic groups
(2020)
Religion
(2020)
Demonym(s) Baiyanese
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Ulysses Lee Rosário Huang
• Premier
Muhammad Filipi d'Ávila
Legislature People's Assembly
Independence from Portugal
• Declared
2 July 1855
• Recognized
10 September 1871
• Current Borders
6 January 1897
• September Revolution
25 September 1937
• Current Constitution
29 March 1967
Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/pri2 (49th)
Population
• Estimate
18,653,874 (66th)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/pri2 (187th)
GDP (PPP) estimate
• Total
$78 billion
• Per capita
$4,850
HDI 0.691
medium · 120th
Currency Búziu (B$)
Time zone UTC-03:00 (BRT)
Driving side right
Calling code 671
ISO 3166 code RB
Internet TLD .rb

Bahia, officially the People's Republic of Bahia, is a country in the western coast of South America that covers 564,733 square kilometres (218,045 sq mi) with an estimated population of 18,653,874. It borders Brazil to its West and South, New Holland to its North and the Atlantic Ocean to the East.

The Portuguese Pedro Álvares Cabral sighted Monte Pascoal ("Easter Mountain") near Itamaraju and landed at what is now Porto Seguro on the southern coast of Bahia in 1500, claiming the territory for Portugal. In 1549, Portugal established the city of Salvador on a hill facing the Bay of All Saints. The city and surrounding captaincy served as an administrative capital of Portugal's colonies in the Americas until 1763.

Bahia's captaincy was the first to fail, with its lands reverting to the Portuguese crown in 1549. While Portugal was united with Spain, the Dutch West India companies tried to conquer Bahia but was unsuccessful in the area, with Dutch Brazil restricted to the area from Pernambuco Northward.

Bahia was a center of sugarcane cultivation from the 16th to the 18th centuries and contains a number of historic towns, such as Cachoeira, dating from this era. Integral to the sugar economy was the importation of a vast number of African slaves: more than a third of all slaves taken from Africa were sent to Brazil, mostly to be processed in Bahia before being sent to work in plantations elsewhere in the colony.

The state was the only area of the colony to join the Empire of Brazil, as members of the local elite remained loyal to the Portuguese crown after the rest of the country proclaimed independence under Pedro I on 1822. Independence was later achieved in 1855 after a number of slave revolts and calls for further commercial autonomy by the elites.

In the years after independence the country received massive immigration waves from British Nigeria, China and the Middle East.

Upon independence, the country resisted annexation by Brazil, eventually Bahia managed to conquer the territory of the modern Captaincies of Barreiras and São Franscisco. The current president is Ulysses Huang who was elected on 24 April 2024.